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Rohingya disaster: Bangladesh plans huge camps for refugees

A Bangladeshi border guard stands guard at the Jalpatoli refugee camp for Rohingya Muslims near Gumdhum village in Ukhia, 16 SeptemberImage copyright

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Bangladeshi safety forces are already guarding Rohingya camps close to the border

The Bangladeshi authorities has introduced plans to construct shelters for as much as 400,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing from neighbouring Myanmar.

The military and assist companies are attributable to erect 14,000 shelters, every housing six households, close to the town of Cox’s Bazar.

Since late August over 400,000 Rohingya are thought to have fled to Bangladesh, to flee a authorities offensive.

The UN says Myanmar’s operation might quantity to ethnic cleaning.

Rights teams have accused the army of burning Rohingya villages.

But the military says it’s responding to assaults by militants and denies it’s concentrating on civilians.

What else do we all know of the deliberate new shelters?

According to a report in Bangladesh’s Daily Star newspaper, the brand new shelters will probably be on a web site protecting about eight sq km (three sq miles) of land, near established camps which have been overwhelmed by arrivals from Myanmar.

A complete of eight,500 momentary bogs will probably be constructed and 14 “makeshift warehouses” will probably be arrange close to the shelters, the paper says.

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Many Rohingya refugees reside in improvised camps

The authorities hopes that there will probably be sufficient locations for 400,000 individuals, AFP information company experiences, quoting Bangladesh’s catastrophe administration secretary, Shah Kama. It is supposed to be constructed inside 10 days.

A rubella and polio vaccination marketing campaign for the various refugee youngsters reportedly began on Saturday morning.

Why are the Rohingya fleeing?

People who fled from Myanmar’s Rakhine state to Bangladesh instructed the BBC earlier this month about killings, rape and even massacres, whereas inside Rakhine, a BBC crew witnessed charred properties inside Rakhine.

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Media captionThe BBC’s Jonathan Head is on a government-organised journey in Rakhine state

On Friday, HRW launched a report during which it accused the army of an “ethnic cleaning marketing campaign” – phrases which echo those used by UN human rights chief Zeid Raad Al Hussein on Monday.

It detailed scores of villages focused with arson assaults.

“Our discipline analysis backs what the satellite tv for pc imagery has indicated – that the Burmese army is immediately accountable for the mass burning of Rohingya villages in northern Rakhine State,” mentioned Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director.

“The United Nations and member nations ought to urgently impose measures on the Burmese authorities to cease these atrocities and finish the pressured flight of Rohingya from Burma.”

The UN Security Council has already appealed to Myanmar to cease the violence however no sanctions have been imposed.

What do the authorities say?

Myanmar’s envoy to the UN has blamed the Rohingya insurgents for the violence in Rakhine state and mentioned that his nation would by no means tolerate such atrocities.

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Media captionThe BBC’s Fergal Keane spoke to Buddhists within the second metropolis, Mandalay

Government spokesman Zaw Htay has urged displaced individuals to search out refuge in momentary camps arrange in Rakhine state however mentioned Myanmar wouldn’t be capable to permit all those that fled to Bangladesh to return.

How is the disaster affecting relations between Myanmar and Bangladesh?

The Bangladeshi authorities has lodged a proper protest with Myanmar about its use of army drones and helicopters which, it alleges, have violated Bangladeshi airspace on three days prior to now week.

Bangladesh described their use as “provocative”. Myanmar denies the allegation.

Who are the Rohingya?

There have been at the least one million members of the Rohingya ethnic group residing in Myanmar, most of them Muslim, although some are Hindu.

They are thought to have their origins in what’s now Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, however many have been current in Myanmar for centuries.

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Media captionWatch: Who are the Rohingya?

The legislation in Myanmar doesn’t recognise the Rohingya ethnic minority as certainly one of its “nationwide races” and they’re successfully denied citizenship.

Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has referred to as on Myanmar to take the Rohingya refugees again.

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The violence has been concentrated within the Rakhine space

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