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400,000 Rohingya Muslims Fled Myanmar • Channels Television

An internally displaced Rohingya girl holds her new child child surrounded by youngsters within the foreground of makeshift tents at a camp for Rohingya folks in Sittwe, northwestern Rakhine State, (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)

Rohingya Muslims almost 400,000 have fled renewed violence in Myanmar, crossing the border in Bangladesh in waves following a army crackdown the United Nations says quantities to ethnic cleaning.

This is the most recent chapter in a protracted and tumultuous historical past of the Rohingya.

Before the newest surge of violence, there have been over a million Rohingyas in Myanmar’s restive Rakhine state.

Many of the Muslim minority hint their lineage in Myanmar again generations, however had been successfully stripped of their citizenship by the previous junta and are demonised among the many Buddhist-majority inhabitants as unlawful immigrants.

Tensions between the Rohingya Muslims and the Buddhist majority date again to the start of British rule in 1824.

As a part of their divide-and-rule coverage, British colonists favoured Muslims on the expense of different teams. They recruited them as troopers throughout World War II, pitting them in opposition to Buddhists aligned with the Japanese because the conflict performed out on Burmese soil.

“Both armies, British and Japanese, exploited the frictions and animosity within the native inhabitants to additional their very own army goals,” mentioned Moshe Yegar, creator of a e-book about Muslim communities in Southeast Asia.

Their standing was fortified in 1947 when a brand new Constitution was drafted, enshrining them with full authorized and voting rights — which might be later stripped and render them stateless.

Rakhine has a poverty fee nearing 80 p.c, double the nationwide common, kindling resentments over ethnic claims to the world.

A 1962 army coup ushered in a brand new period of repression and brutality. The nation’s ethnic minorities just like the Rohingya didn’t fare properly.

 

The 20th century noticed a sequence of army crackdowns in opposition to the group: in 1978 and 1991-2, which prompted a whole lot of hundreds to flee to Bangladesh.

Some had been despatched again by Dhaka, and the United Nations questioned the supposedly “voluntary” nature of the repatriations.

 

What’s behind the most recent violence?

They have been subjected to restrictions on motion, employment and entry to fundamental providers since one other outbreak of violence in 2012.

Tensions mounted once more in October 2016, when a small and beforehand unknown militant group — the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) — staged a sequence of lethal assaults on Burmese army forces.

The military responded with an enormous safety crackdown, sparking a brand new wave of refugee arrivals into Bangladesh.

On August 25, ARSA once more launched an early morning assault on military installations in Rakhine, triggering a brutal army marketing campaign in response.

An estimated 391,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh within the final three weeks, in response to the United Nations, which has mentioned the army crackdown quantities to ethnic cleaning of Rohingya Muslims.

 

AFP


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